Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin covering the tip of the penis plus part of the gland. Circumcision has advantages such as easier hygiene which reduces the risk of urinary tract infection, inflammation and in some reports : cancer
This surgery is performed to remove a benign tumour such as fibroadenoma, or a suspected malignant tumour in the breast. Performed under general or local anaesthesia, the procedure usually takes around an hour.
Wide excision is performed to remove a tumour together with an area of normal surrounding breast tissue. This surgery is usually undertaken for patients with breast cancer (lumpectomy), however there are some non-cancerous lumps that may need to be removed with this procedure.
An inguinal hernia is when abdominal content protrudes through a weak area in the lower abdominal wall, into the inguinal or groin area. During surgery, the protruding tissue is pushed back in, and a mesh is placed in the abdominal wall to strengthen the weak spot.
Anal sphincterotomy is a procedure to treat chronic anal fissures. An incision is made in the internal anal sphincter to release the tension to promote healing. The surgery usually takes less than 30 minutes, and patients often return to normal activity within a week.
Excision or removal of lipoma (a fatty tumour located just below the skin) is usually done under local ,regional or general anesthesia. An incision is made on the skin above the lipoma to remove the tumour. After the procedure, a pressure dressing is placed on top of the stitches, and the patient will be able to go home with wound care instructions. The stitches are typically removed after 7-14 days.
A skin lesion excision is performed to remove a lump or area of skin that is malignant, or potentially malignant. In some cases, an excision may be requested if the lesion causes discomfort or for aesthetic purposes. A local anaesthetic is used to numb the area before the procedure.
A lymph node biopsy is conducted when sample tissue of the lymph node is needed to examine for signs of infection or disease. The lymph node biopsy may be done with a fine needle, a core needle or an open biopsy.
A common procedure to completely remove sebaceous cysts which are liquid or semi liquid filled lumps under the skin caused by blocked glands or swollen hair follicles.
Foreign bodies can get stuck in various parts of the body, such as the airways, ears, nose, and eyes. Common removal methods include the use of forceps, water irrigation, and suction catheter.
Ganglion (a cyst under the skin containing fluid similar to joint fluid) and fibroma (a benign tumour consisting mainly of fibrous tissue), although generally harmless, can be removed if it causes discomfort or for cosmetic reasons. An incision will be made in the skin, on or around the cyst/tumour, usually under local anaesthesia. Once thoroughly removed, the area is then stitched back and dressed.
A simple procedure where the skin is numbed and an incision is made to drain the pus out of the abscess pocket. Once the pus is removed, the abscess pocket is cleaned with a sterile saline solution.
A haemorrhoidectomy is surgery to remove internal or external haemorrhoids that are large or extensive. This procedure involves making incisions around the haemorrhoid and once removed, the surgical area may be left open or sewn closed.
Performed on internal haemorrhoids, this procedure involves placing a tight band around the base of the haemorrhoid to constrict blood flow. This results in the haemorrhoids shrinking and drying up and will be passed out of your body on its own.