Cataract surgery is a procedure to remove the lens of your eye that has become cloudy (cataract) and replace it with an artificial lens to enhance vision. This is a straightforward procedure that usually takes around 30 minutes.
Squint surgery, also known as eye muscle surgery or eye alignment surgery, corrects the misalignment of the eye by tightening or moving one or more of the muscles connected to the eye.
A pterygium is a growth of tissue in the corner of the eye which can reach to the cornea. Surgery is performed to remove the growth if it interferes with vision. The abnormal tissue is removed and replaced with a thin graft of normal tissue.
Eyelid lesions (eyelid lumps and bumps) are very common and in most cases, benign and harmless. An incision is made on or around the eyelid or it’s back surface, the lesion will be removed and the incision will be closed with very fine stitches.
The conjunctiva is a thin and flexible mucus membrane that provides a protective barrier to the eye. Abnormal growths on the conjunctiva may require surgical excision, typically performed using local anaesthesia, and possible cryotherapy (freezing treatment) to avoid spread of the lesion.
The nasolacrimal duct (also called the tear duct) carries tears from the lacrimal sac of the eye into the nasal cavity. Probing of this duct is done to open the valve between the nasolacrimal duct and the nose when there is a blockage.
A chalazion is an inflammation of the sebaceous glands of the eyelid that results in a painless, firm nodule on the eyelid. Under local anaesthesia, an incision is made on your outer or inner eyelid to remove the chalazion.
A corneal foreign body is an object such as a metal shaving, glass, wood, plastic or sand, which has been superficially adherent to or embedded in the cornea of the eye. The removal of a corneal foreign body in a safe and timely manner is important to avoid infection and sight-threatening complications.
Intravitreal injections are used to administer medications to treat a variety of retinal conditions such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy and maculopathy, and infections inside the eye such as endophthalmitis. A fine needle is used to inject the medication directly into the space in the back of the eye called the vitreous cavity.
For an abscess where warm compress and antibiotic treatment does not improve the condition, an incision and drainage procedure may be recommended. A numbing medicine will be injected around the affected area, and then a small incision is made to drain a collection of pus out.
Examination under anaesthesia is performed when the ophthalmologist needs to do an extensive examination of the eyes, particularly in young children, where special instruments are used to measure and look at the surrounding area and inside of the eye. Although this is a painless procedure, it is safer and easier for the patient when extensive examination is done under anaesthesia.